Christmas Island

Behind the laid-back multicultural ambience of Christmas Island today lies a fascinating and sometimes turbulent history.

It was the discovery of phosphate in 1888 which was to guide the island’s destiny for the next century. It’s a story of two men, George Clunies Ross and John Murray, and their quest to reap the rewards of phosphate with an imported workforce of Chinese, Malays and Sikhs, who often endured appalling conditions. The signs remain today of the island’s WWII history including a restored gun emplacement.  

You can also see glimpses of the Japanese invasion and occupation, when islanders and allied submarines successfully sabotaged the mine effort and hundreds of islanders were then shipped to Japanese prisoner of war camps in Indonesia.


Britain took possession of the Island in the name of Queen Victoria, but in 1946 it was placed under the jurisdiction of the Crown Colony of Singapore.  In 1958, Britain transferred sovereignty to Australia, and the Island was made an Australian Territory.

Indian Ocean Group Training Association 

RTO Code: 2083

Christmas Island Office:

Old Technical School,

1 Lister Place,
PO Box 431,

Christmas Island WA 6798

Phone: (08) 9164 7220 

Cocos (Keeling) Islands Office:

Office 6,  

225 Jalan Bunga Mawar,

PO Box 105

Cocos (Keeling) Islands WA 6799

Phone: (08) 9162 6776

Opening Hours:

Monday to Thursday: 7.30am to 4.00pm

Friday: 7.30am to 2.00pm

Closed on Public Holidays

Opening Hours:

Monday to Thursday: 7.00am to 3.30pm

Friday: 7.00am to 1.00pm

Closed on Public Holidays

©2018 by Indian Ocean Group Training Association.